Articles

The effect of an interprofessional clinical simulation on medical students

Ina Treadwell, Marietjie Van Rooyen, Henk Havenga, Marietjie Theron

Abstract


Background. Teamwork as an outcome for graduates implies the understanding and appreciation of the roles, responsibilities and skills of other professions. An interprofessional education (IPE) event was initiated as a simulated management of a multiply traumatised patient in the acute phases of his injury, relevant to both medical and nursing students. The objective was to explore medical students’ reflections on the value of this clinical simulation.

Method. A mixed-methods study was done, using a convenience sample of 5th-year medical students (N=96). Participants wrote a multiple-choice question (MCQ) test and either actively participated in the simulation or observed the actions through a one-way mirror. The simulations were facilitated by experienced skills trainers. On completion, the participants repeated the MCQ test and took part in a facilitator-led debriefing. The latter was audiotaped and students could submit written reflections. Written comments and transcripts of the audiotapes were analysed thematically.

Results. Participants’ average test scores improved significantly (p<0.001) from 63.5% before the simulation to 68.6% thereafter. Five themes emerged from the reflections: (i) difficulties with implementing knowledge and skills; (ii) importance of teamwork; (iii) skills necessary for teamwork; (iv) effect of being observed by peers; and (v) IPE in the curriculum.

Conclusions. Medical students gained clinical knowledge during the simulation and became aware of their lack of skills, knowledge, and opportunities to acquire and practise skills required for effective teamwork. 


Authors' affiliations

Ina Treadwell, Skills Centre, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Limpopo (Medunsa Campus), Pretoria, South Africa

Marietjie Van Rooyen, Department of Family Medicine, University of Pretoria, South Africa

Henk Havenga, Skills Centre, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Limpopo (Medunsa Campus), Pretoria, South Africa

Marietjie Theron, Skills Centre, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Limpopo (Medunsa Campus), Pretoria, South Africa

Full Text

PDF (113KB) HTML

Keywords

Interprofessional education; Simulation; Teamwork

Cite this article

African Journal of Health Professions Education 2014;6(1):3-5. DOI:10.7196/AJHPE.231

Article History

Date submitted: 2013-01-17
Date published: 2014-03-20

Article Views

Abstract views: 2267
Full text views: 3737

Comments on this article

*Read our policy for posting comments here